Kofuku-ji Temple, Ancient Nara’s Most Powerful Temple

The Daibutsu in Todai-ji, and Todai-ji itself are such big and popular attractions that it seems people think everything around Nara Park is part of Todai-ji. It’s not! In fact, there are other attractions in the area that have nothing to do with Todai-ji per se. One example is Kofuku-ji. Once the most powerful temple in Nara, today Kofuku-ji houses many national treasures and Buddha statues. With its roots going back as far as the 7th century, Kokuku-ji is great place to learn about Nara’s ancient history.

 

History of Kofuku-ji

Originally, Kofuku-ji wasn’t even in Nara at all! The original location of the temple was in Otsu, Shiga during the Asuka Period under the name Yamanashi Temple. During this time, Otsu was the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Tenji. He ordered the temple built in the hopes of curing Nakatomi no Kamatari. In the years that followed, the capital, as well as Yamashina Temple, moved back and forth between Asuka and several other places. Finally, the capital settled in Nara, and Fujiwara no Fuhito put the temple in its current location and renamed it Kofuku-ji. Since then, Kofuku-ji prospered as the main temple of the Hosso sect, one of the six schools of Nara Buddhism.

Bright red Romon Gate of Omi Jingu

Omi Jingu, site of Emperor Tenji’s Omi Palace

The temples was basically the private temple of the Fujiwara clan, and had strong ties with Kasuga Taisha, which is right next to Kofuku-ji.

Kasuga taisha

Entrance to the hondo of Kasuga Taisha.

Curious for more on the powerful Fujiwara clan? We’ve got you covered.

The Fujiwara Clan, Rise of Japan’s Most Powerful Clan

Appease the Gods!

In the Heian Period, Kofuku-ji gained so much authority with a number of militarily powerful temples, that they not only took in charge of Kasuga Taisha and became the strongest temple in Nara prefecture. What did they do to get so strong? Whenever there was an political issue they were unhappy with, they would go to the capital in Kyoto, carrying the mikoshi from Kasuga Taisha. There, they would insist that the gods were angry and that the only way to avoid catastrophe was to change said issue or policy.

Even after the Taira clan burned the temple down in 1181, it remained the strongest temple in Nara. There were even times that Kofuku-ji was the central house of government for the Yamato region in both the Kamakura and Muromachi Period. Unfortunately, another massive fire in the 18th century burnt down the part of the temple, and to make matter worse at the beginning of Meiji era not only did people destroy the temple, but the government confiscated much of the temple grounds. Today, that confiscated land is Nara Park. Therefore, it might come as a surprise to many that what today seems to be such as small temple was once the strongest temple in Nara.

 

Getting to Kofuku-ji

Getting to Kofuku-ji is very simple since it is inside of Nara Park. From the Kintetsu Nara Station, simply take the south exit to street level and head east towards Nara Park. The temple will be on your right hand side after about 10 minutes or so.

Since there is no admission fee, just walk right on in and explore.  Of course there are many other ways to get to Kofuku-ji; really all you have to do is head towards its iconic pagoda!

kofuku-ji iconic Gojyu no To pagoda at a distance

 

Temple Grounds

Kofuku-ji is located in the middle of the Nara Park, so it is very easy to find. Once you enter, you will immediately see the five story pagoda, the Gojyu no To [五重塔]. This pagoda is one of the most famous architectural structures in Nara. Empress Komyo ordered construction of the pagoda in 730, but over the years it burnt a number of times. That being said, the current building dates back to 1426, so it’s not exactly new. The Gojyu no To is registered as a Japanese National Treasure.

close up of the Gojyu no To pagoda of kofuku ji

Gojyu no To: second tallest wooden pagoda in Japan

Unfortunately, the pagoda is usually not open to the public—opening only once every 5 years or so.

Gojyu no to at Kofuku-ji temple

To-kondo

Next to Gojyu no To is the To-kondo [東金堂] or the East Kondo. The To-kondo is the main temple building in Kofuku-ji. It enshrines Yakushi Nyorai, and a number of famous statues such as Monjyu Bosatsu, a Japanese National Treasure.

To kondo of kofuku-ji temple in nara

To-kondo: entrance fee is 300 yen

Kokuhokan (Treasure Hall)

Although the Gojyu no To and the To kondo are the most popular things at Kofuku-ji, you should also make time to see its excellent collection of Buddha statues. Most of the statues are safely stored in the national treasure museum, or Kokuhokan [国宝館], just next to the To-kondo.

In the Kokuhokan you can see Kofuku-ji treasures quite closely. Unfortunately, we could not take any pictures. But take our word for it, there are many amazing Buddha statues here.

Kofukuji's Kokuhokan

Kokuhokan

One of the most famous statues you definitely have to see is its Asura. An Asura is Buddhist demi-god that is prone to violence, envy, pride, etc… Asura often appear very frightful, but the one in Kofuku-ji has rather peaceful face, suggesting it heard the teachings of Buddha. Since it is so pretty, it even has a fan club!

bright yellow board with the hours for kofukuji's treasure hall

Pictures of the Asura and Buddha head featured here.

Another interesting piece in the Kokuhokan is a Buddha head made in Asuka Period. its just the head because  it lost its body from getting struck by lightening!

 

Points of Interest

Nanen-do

In the south of the temple grounds is Nanen-do [南円堂]. Originally built in 813 by Fujiwara Fuyutsugu, Nanen-do is very popular little temple as it is the Xth of Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage.

octagon shaped Nanen-do at kofuku-ji temple in nara

Nanen-do: rebuilt in 1789.

The Nanen-do is usually not open to public and opens only on October 17th. Inside is a statue of Fukukenjyaku Kannon that dates back to the Kamakura Period.

Hokuen-do (Japanese National Treasure)

Built by Prince Nagaya in 721, the Hokuen-do [北円堂] commemorates the one year anniversary of the death of Fujiwara no Fuhito. Although the building had to be rebuilt in 1208, its beautiful octagon design attracts many people. It is only open to the public twice a year in the spring and fall.

Hokuen-do at Kofuku-ji

Hokuen-do at Kofuku-ji. Built to commemorate Fuhito Fujiwara

If you are around when the Hokuen-do is open, be sure to check it out! Inside this building are a number of rare ancient statues (also Japanese National Treasures)

Sanjyu no To

Although the Sanjyu no To [三重塔] is a bit away from the temple main area, it is also a Japanese National Treasure, so don’t miss it. It was originally built in 1143, but burnt down in the war with the Taira clan. The pagoda was quickly rebuilt in 1180, making it the oldest building in Kofuku-ji.

Sanjyu no To of kofuku-ji temple in Nara

Sanjyu no To:: open to pubic only on July 7th.

Kofuku-ji Temple

Address 48 Noboriojicho, Nara City,
Nara Prefecture 〒630-8213
Website http://www.kohfukuji.com/
Hours of Operation Kokuhokan: 9:00-17:00
Admission Fee Temple Grounds: Free
To-kondo: 300 yen
Kokuhokan: 700 yen

Coming next time,
Let’s share a cold one! Dive in to our guide on Japanese beer!

The adventure continues…

 

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