The Heart of Ise Grand Shrine: Naiku - Kansai Odyssey
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  • The Heart of Ise Grand Shrine: Naiku

    Ise Jingu, or Ise Grand Shrine, is one of the most important shrines in Japan. Composed of roughly 125 small shrines throughout the Ise region, one in particular stands out among them; the Naiku. The Naiku houses the soul of Amaterasu, represented by a sacred mirror. Every year thousands of people travel from all over Japan to visit Ise Jingu to pay homage to the soul of Amaterasu. Naturally, there are many famous and important things in Ise Jingu, but there are some things you certainly shouldn’t miss!


    Getting to the Naiku

    The easiest way to get to the Naiku is to take a bus from Geku. Most people visit Geku first, so there are plenty of buses that go between the Geku and Naiku. The bus fare is 430 yen.


    You can take a bus right in front of the gate of Naiku (the Naiku-mae [内宮前] stop), or if you can stop by the Oharai Machi Shopping Street (the Jingu Kaikan-mae [神宮会館前] stop) first. 

    The nearest train station to the Naiku is the Kintetsu Isuzugawa Station, but you have to walk for 30 minutes to reach the Naiku from the station. There is no JR station near the Naiku.


    Naiku: Shrine Grounds

    The torii that lead you to Ise’s Naiku are one of the most photographed areas in the shrine. At dawn the sun come right between the torri and is very impressive, not to mention symbolic. If you are looking for iconic places to photograph, do not miss this place. 

    large wooden torii in front of long bridge at sunset
    Torii of Naiku, Ise Jingu

    I think it is also very pretty at dusk as well. 

    Through the torii, you can see the Uji-bashi Bridge [宇治橋]. The Uji-bashi is a sacred bridge that connects the world of man to a sacred space.

    Uji-bashi bridge in Ise Grand Shrine as tourists walk over it during the day
    Uji-bashi Bridge

    This bridge is one of the very iconic spot of Ise Jingu and this bridge is rebuilt in the Shikinen Sengu ceremony once every 20 years. 

    The Sacred Isuzugawa River [五十鈴川]

    The river that goes under the bridge is the Isuzugawa River, also known as Mimosusogawa [三裳裾側]. Supposedly, this other name is because the princess responsible for moving the Naiku to its current location, Yamato-hime, washed the hem, suso [裾], of the skirt

    of her kimono, mo [裳], in this river.

    The Isuzugawa River near Ise jingus naiku on a sunny way with lush green trees
    Isuzugawa River.

    There is a chozuya just after you cross the bridge but most people do not purify themselves there. Instead, it is common for people to wash their hands in the river. The place where you wash your hands is called the mitarashiba and is just past the chozuya.

    clear isuzugaw river near the naiku at ise grand srhine
    Isuzugawa River

    The Isuzugawa is a very pure river and there are many different kinds of interesting fish and crabs that live in it!

    Shogu [内宮の摂社・末社]

    After you purify yourself, it’s a fairly straight shot to the shogu. On the way, you can stop by the kaguraden for a shuin, but interestingly, the Naiku doesn’t have omikuji. It seems that reason the Naiku doesn’t sell them is because everybody is already very lucky simply by visiting Ise Jingu.

    wooden japanaese shinto ceremony hall,kakugarden, at ise jngu naiku
    very tall cider tree near a gravel road
    Sando at Naiku. On the way to shogu, there are so many big old trees. People touch those big trees to get the power from them.

    Unfortunately, you cannot take a photo of shogu. Just like the Geku, the shogun is surrounded by four fences and you cannot see the actual shoden, where Amaterasu’s mirror is kept.

    shogu, inner shrine, of ise jingu and stones steps leading up to wooden shrine structure
    This is as much as you are able to take a picture of the shogu.

    There is no special ritual you need to follow when you pray at the shoden. The normal two bows, two claps and one bow is enough. However, you are not supposed to pray for personal things at the Naiku, but rather for safety and peace of Japan.

    Betsugu [別宮]

    There are several little shrines, called betsugu, on the grounds of the Naiku.

    Aramatsuri no Miya [荒祭宮]

    Aramatsuri no Miya is the most important betsugu in the Naiku. This shrine enshrines Amaterasu’s aratama.

    closeup of a wooden Japanese shinto shrine in the Naiku of Ise Jingu surrounded by trees and people praying
    Aramatsuri no Miya

    It is in this shrine that you can pray for your personal desires and ambitions.

    Kazahi no Minomiya [風日祈宮]

    small shrine at naiku ise grand shrine made of wood and surrounded by gravel
    Kazahi no Minomiya

    This shrines enshrines Shinagatobe no Mikoto and Shinagatsu no Mikoto, both of whom are born from Izanami and Izanagi. Intersingly, there is a betsugu in the Geku that enshrines exactly the same god, clearly showing that how important these gods are to the Japanese people.

    Takimatsuri no Ookami [滝祭神]

    The little shrine near the river is for Takimatsuri no Ookami, the guardian of the Isuzugawa River.

    small wooden shinto shrine surrounded by a gravel yard and tall shady trees
    Takimatsuri no Ookami

    Most people visit these little shrines after entering the Naiku. But, unlike the other small shrines, you should visit this one BEFORE you go to the Naiku. Since you are not supposed to pray for your personal desires and wishes at the Naiku’s shoden, not only can you pray for them here, but if you do so before going to the Naiku, Takimatsuri will tell Amaterasu you prayers on your behalf.

    Oharai Machi and Okage Yokocho [おはらい町・おかげ横丁]

    Near the entrance of Naiku, is a long shopping street along the Isuzugawa River, called Oharai Machi.

    Busy shopping street near Ise Jingu's Naiku with many tourists walking
    Oharai Machi. Many Onshi used to live along this street near the Naiku. They are now shops and restaurants.

    Centuries ago, the Onshi lived here in order to welcome people visiting Ise from all around Japan. While almost all of the Onshi’s house are gone, the area was revived back in 1970’s and now there are many shops and restaurants that serves tasty local food. Like…

    Ise Udon

    bowl of udon noodles and scallions and a side of rice with furikake
    Ise udon. One of the many local favorites you can find in Ohari Machi.


     a traditional Japanese sweet made of mochi and red bean paste. The first akafuku shop that goes by the same name as their iconic treat, opened early 18th century, and is the most iconic sweet of Ise Jingu. It is so popular that you can even find akafuku sold in Namba and other big stations throughout the Kansai region.

    two traditional Japanese sweets and a bowl of tea on a straw mat and a pair of wooden chopsticks
    akafuku mochi
    traditional japanese style shop along ohari machi near ise jingu. the gold colored lettering reads akafuku, the name of their iconic mochi
    Original akafuku shop in Ohari Machi. There is also another one located near the Geku.

    Next to Oharai Machi is Okage Yokocho [おかげ横丁].

    old style Japanese buildings and very large statue of a white mainekineko
    Okage Yokocho

    The buildings in this area resemble homes and shops from the Edo Period, right around the time of the Okage Mairi. There are a number of traditional Japanese souvenirs, toys, and local Ise products. Not to mention several tasty restaurants! There is also a free museum called the Okageza where you can learn about Japanese mythology. Or you could read our Oh Gods! series on Japanese mythology. Both are good.

    You Might Need Two Days…

    To explore the Geku and the Naiku completely, it would be better to stay in Ise overnight. Of course, it is possible to briefly visit the Geku and the Naiku with a touch of shopping and lunch, but that is a very full day. There is a lot to do in Ise Jingu, and we encourage people to take time and explore the area. Either get there early or stay over!

    Coming next time,
    The inventor of kistune udon, Matsubaya.

    The adventure continues…



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